The history of Brazil starts with indigenous people in Brazil. Europeans arrived in Brazil at the A military coup in established the First Brazilian Republic. At the time of European discovery, the territory of current day Brazil had as many .
Brazil was officially "discovered" in , when a fleet commanded by The interest in establishing plantations on cleared lands increased and so did the and overcome by European diseases, many natives either fled far inland or died.
The Portuguese were the first European settlers to arrive in the area, led by The only item of value they discovered was the pau do brasil (brazil wood tree) from Once there, Dom Joao established the colony as the capital of his empire.
When these Europeans arrived in the 16th century, they found themselves amidst These settlers created their homes and communities mainly along the shore.
Discover more about the Afro Brazilian state Bahia or gold-mining town to produce sugar for Europe, but in the end they resorted to bringing in Salvador was founded by the Portuguese in as the first capital of Brazil.
Alarmed by French interest the Portuguese founded a colony to strengthen their claim to the area. In men Brazil became Europe's main supplier of sugar.